Not even Lee or Stuart matched his purely military intelligence-his intransigence at Bull Run which earned him the name "Stonewall" , his knack for knowing when to attack and retreat, which he showed throughout the Shena With a new introduction by Thomas L. Not even Lee or Stuart matched his purely military intelligence-his intransigence at Bull Run which earned him the name "Stonewall" , his knack for knowing when to attack and retreat, which he showed throughout the Shenandoah campaign, his tactical brilliance at Chancellorsville.
He was stern, a strict Calvinist, a single-minded officer for whom religion and the army were everything. Yet he had the undivided loyalty of the men he commanded. This classic biography by the British historian G. Henderson, first published in , is a meticulous study of Jackson's military campaigns from the Mexican War where he served under Winfield Scott to his death in at Chancellorsville. A romantic view of a great hero, inflected by the political views of the day, this work has remained a standard account of one of the Civil War's great warriors, here introduced by one of the Civil War's best historians.
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Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. The best account of Stonewall that was ever printed. Published close to the time frame of his life, this 2 volume work was also compiled by a good British Officer - the outside view looking in is simply astounding. Anyone interested in the War Between the States and either side of the war; should read this book. View all 5 comments. A great accounting of Stonewall Jackson's activity during the Civil War. The author originally wrote the book in the late 's after corresponding with members of Jackson's staff in order to get primary source material.
Sep 15, Lee Harrington rated it liked it. This is a very large and thorough two volume set of some pages. Probably too much for a casual Civil War buff. My only concern is a serious one, however. The author, an Englishman, was an overt Lee and Jackson worshipper. His bias, I believe, subjects his entire narrative to question by the devoted Civil War student. One must keep this This is a very large and thorough two volume set of some pages. One must keep this caveat in mind when devoting a prolonged period of time reading this book.
I did find interesting the portrait of Jackson and description of the actual battles. A very informative look at the career of Stonewall Jackson. This was written years ago and the author refers continuously to events of the 19th century of which I know little. The leadership qualities of Jackson as well as his tactics and strategy are discussed at length and compared with great leaders from the Napoleanic Wars and many others.
The author undoubtedly has a bias in favor of Jackson and the south but, aside from the Peninsula Campaign, Jackson did had remarkable success. It w A very informative look at the career of Stonewall Jackson. It would be interesting to hear Henderson's thoughts on the idea of post-traumatic stress being the reason for his failure in the Peninsula.
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Overall this is a great book for learning about what makes a good leader and the vast amount of military knowledge that Henderson lays down on these pages makes for some compelling reading for a student of history. A first-rate biography of one of the most important military figures in history. At nearly pages, this book examines every facet of General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, and shows why he was the most important cog in the Confederate war machine until his death in The two small forces met at Falling Waters.
Jackson was nearly outflanked by three regiments under Col. George H. Bee was killed later in the battle.
When Jackson threw his troops into the battle, they captured Union artillery atop the hill and fought the Federals until Confederate reinforcements caused a Union rout. In November he was promoted to major general and placed in charge of the Shenandoah Valley district. In a small house that he used as his headquarters in Winchester, he planned his next moves. The first one, a westward movement to capture Romney, was successful but led to one of many squabbles with subordinates. Brigadier General W.
Loring, left in command at Romney when Jackson returned to Winchester, complained to Richmond about the hardships and hazards of his position, and Jackson was ordered to have him withdraw. Jackson complied but submitted his resignation. In the end, Loring was transferred and would find himself in conflict with another commander the following year in Mississippi, in the campaign leading up to the Battle of Vicksburg.
On March 11, Jackson withdrew from Winchester in the face of a large Union force. It was the beginning of what would become known as the Shenandoah Valley Campaign. In that campaign—part of larger Confederate plan to prevent a Federal advance down the valley and to prevent additional Union troops from being sent to reinforce George B. Jackson struck at Kernstown March He was defeated by a larger than expected Union force, but the battle kept the U.
War Department from pulling troops from the Shenandoah to reinforce McClellan. Three Federal armies totaling 64, men were sent to deal with him, approaching from north, east and west. Jackson controlled the macadamized Valley Turnpike and used it to move his 17,man force more rapidly than his opponents, and defeat each enemy separately.
His actions also led the Lincoln Administration to rescind orders for a 40,man army to march on Richmond from the north and link up with McClellan. Summoned to aid in the defense of Richmond, Jackson and his Army of the Valley joined Confederate forces east of the city that were under a new commander, Gen. Robert E. Jackson was ordered to strike a Federal detachment at Beaver Dam Creek Mechanicsville on June 26 in order to draw more Yankee soldiers to the north side of the Chickahominy River while Maj.
Hill attacked on the south side. The energetic Jackson and his foot cavalry failed to carry out their part of the plan. At Gaines Mill the next day, Jackson was again late in arriving. A less-respected commander might have been reprimanded, perhaps moved to another theater, after such lackluster performance.
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (1824–1863)
John Pope. At Cedar Mountain, Jackson was nearly beaten by the hapless Maj. Nathaniel Banks, but the timely arrival of A. Jackson, however, filed court-martial charges against Hill for disobeying orders. Even his brother-in-law Richard Garnett fell victim after Kernstown.
Lee then carried the war onto Northern soil by crossing the Potomac into Maryland—which had not joined the Confederacy. To protect his left flank, he sent Jackson back to familiar territory, to capture Harpers Ferry.
Knowing well the defensive disadvantages of that place, Jackson captured the entire Union garrison before moving to rejoin Lee behind Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg. There, on September 21, the Battle of Antietam Battle of Sharpsburg resulted in the bloodiest single day in all of American history. The battle was a tactical draw, but Lee withdrew his battered army back into Virginia. In November, Jackson—now a lieutenant general—was elated by personal news: his wife, the former Anna Morrison, had given birth to a daughter.
He had lost his first wife, Elinor Junkin, during childbirth just 14 months into their marriage. The first child of his marriage to Anna had died shortly after birth. This time, his wife and daughter would long outlive him. Once more, Stonewall had held firm. In April, Anna brought their five-month-old daughter to visit.
Joe Hooker was on the move and attempting to outflank the Fredericksburg position. Confederate cavalry had skirmished with Union troops near a crossroads where a brick home called Chancellorsville stood. Lee sent Jackson with most of Second Corps to blunt the advance. Jackson, riding his favorite horse, Little Sorrel, arrived around 8 a.
He observed the defensive positions prepared by the infantry and cavalry and made a fateful decision: instead of waiting on the defensive for all of his troops to arrive, he would go on the attack. At midmorning, he sent two columns, about 6, men total, advancing down the Orange Turnpike and Orange Plank Road.
Stonewall Jackson And The American Civil War
The thoroughfares were separated by up to a mile of thick woods and undergrowth in an area known as The Wilderness. Fighting continued through the day, and that evening Jackson rode along his front with his staff, making a personal reconnaissance, as he was always inclined to do. That night, Lee rode to join him and the two discussed the strong Federal positions to their front, which were being strengthened hourly with felled trees and earthworks. Lee ordered Jackson to march around that flank and attack it. The next morning, operating on about two hours sleep, Jackson set out on what many regard as his greatest tactical maneuver.
His column was spotted on the march and its rearguard attacked, but he continued on.
The flank he was going to attack was that of the XI Corps, under the command of Maj. Howard and several of his subordinates ignored warnings that a large Rebel force was on his flanks. The first warning Federals cooking supper had of the storm that was about to strike them came when deer and rabbits, flushed from cover by the Confederate advance, began running into the camps. Regiments and batteries were quickly overrun as the XI Corps tumbled back in disarray. Around , the first two Confederate lines had intermingled and become confused. They paused to sort themselves out while A.
The pause bought time for Union commanders to form a defensive position near Hazel Grove. Sometime after they rode up behind the skirmishers of the 33rd North Carolina Regiment and turned back. Aware Federal cavalry was in the area, the North Carolinians mistook the riders for enemy horsemen and opened fire. From somewhere, probably the men of the 18th North Carolina, came another volley. Jackson was hit in his right hand and left wrist. A third ball broke his upper left arm. Taken to a field hospital, his arm was amputated sometime after midnight.
At first, he seemed to be healing but by the time Anna arrived with their daughter on the 7th, pneumonia had set in. I have always desired to die on a Sunday. He had been a man of many contrasts. A rigid disciplinarian with both himself and those around him, he had often clashed with subordinates. A deeply religious man, he accepted killing as a necessity of war. He accepted slavery but made an effort to educate slaves, at least in religious matters.
An aggressive fighter and brilliant tactician, he sometimes overextended himself and had demonstrated mediocrity or worse during the Seven Days Campaign. But he remains second only to Lee in the adoration of the Southern people, in relation to the war, and is held in high regard around the world for his military maneuvers. It was a bold stratagem, fraught with danger, but Jackson set off early in the morning.
It took until the afternoon for his 28, men to move through a thickly forested area called the Wilderness. The Union soldiers were hurled two miles or so back in total disorder to a crossroads called Chancellorsville. Jackson rode forward with a group of staff officers to organise further pursuit, but in the gathering dark some of his own men mistook them for the enemy and opened fire on them. Jackson was struck by two bullets in his left arm and one in his right hand.
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Bleeding profusely, he was carried on litters to a field hospital, where his left arm was amputated close to the shoulder and the bullet extracted from his right hand. He was then moved to a house some 25 miles away and might have recovered, but he contracted pneumonia and possibly pleurisy and died on May 10th. It seems that Lee never made the comment attributed to him, that though Jackson had lost his left arm, his death had cost Lee himself his right arm.
Even so, he might well have agreed with it. Jackson was 39 when he died, leaving a widow and two small child-ren.